The algorithm I’m going to showcase is taken from the book “Computational Geometry algorithms and applications” by Berg, Cheong, Kreveld, and Overmars. They give an excellent analysis of the algorithm in the book so I’ll only go over the highlights and show my implementation in Javascript using the html5 canvas.

The problem statement is given a set of points, in compute the convex hull of S. The input of the algorithm is the set, , of points and the output of the algorithm is the set of points that are the vertices of the convex hull of

Our algorithm will use a standard design technique to generate what’s called an *incremental algorithm*. That is we compute the solution for the first points then add the point and compute the new solution using the previous solution.

**Algorithm ConvexHull(P)** (the pseudocode is borrowed from “Computational Geometry algorithms and applications”)

Input. A set P of points in the plane

Output. A list containing the vertices of in clockwise order.

1. Sort the points by x-coordinate, resulting in a sequence

2. Put the points and in a list with as the first point.

3. **for** **to**

4. **do** Append to

5. **while** contains more than two points **and** the last three points in do not make a right turn

6. **do** Delete the middle of the last three points from

7. Put the points and in a list with as the first point.

8. **for** ** downto** 1

9. **do** Append to

10. **while** contains more than 2 points **and** the last three points in do not make a right turn

11. **do** Delete the middle of the last three points from

12. Remove the first and last point from to ovoid duplication of the points where the upper and lower hull meet.

13. Append to and call the resulting list

14. **return**

You can view an implementation using Javascript and the html5 canvas element, here. To add a new point simply click the left mouse button and it’ll add a point where the mouse is.

Nice! Might be a cool addition if points part of the convex hull were colored differently to see degenerate cases being handled correctly.